Argentina - Tehuelche peoples

At the museum inside the National Park Centre Glacier, located in the center of El Calafate, where are exposed photographs taken between the late 1800s and early 1900s where vine represented life and the characters of a population indigenous of Patagonia, the Tehuelche.

The Patagonians, as they were called by Magellan, or Tehuelche as they called them Jesuit missionaries, populated the low Patagonia to Tierra del Fuego. Hunters semistanziali working with stone, as in the European Neolithic, produced pottery vessels, knew the metal but did not know how to work it. Divided into two main groups, those who occupied the area north and those who occupied the southernmost part, they lived mainly by hunting and moved following the seasonal migrations of animals. Typically they hunted guanacos in spring, hampered by pregnant females, while in summer they chased rheas. The introduction of the horse after 1670, favored a change in many ways, including the cultural one. Now the hunt was done on horseback chasing the prey so that it can catch with the bola, two or three stone balls tied together by long wires made from guanaco skin, bola, which was thrown to the birds' feet in the running to immobilize them. The typical house (the toldo) was shaped screen and consisted of two or three files degrading poles on which were supported guanaco skins sewn together. Each tribe consisted of several hundred people, and led by a chief called cacique. Each tribe owned a hunting ground that was defended firmly, often a cause of wars between neighboring tribes. The men were in charge of hunting, horses and war, women were dedicated to transporting water and firewood, food preparation, sewing and dyeing of hides and growth of offspring.


Punta Arenas 1895
   
Cacique Mulato considered the last great chief Tehuelche


Punta Arenas 1895
 Family group of Cacique Mulato

Santa Cruz 1900
Family group Tehuelche

Santa Cruz 1920
Child Rufino Ibanez, last leader of the Tehuelche with a guanaco cub



Santa Cruz 1935
Image of "Indian" is used for a despicable advertising a brand of Gin

Punta Arenas 1863
This is the first photograph of a young Tehuelche

Saint Louis 1904
International Fair of Saint Louis, a Tehuelches delegation

Rio Gallegos 1903
Some leaders Tehuelche



Rio Gallegos 1901

First trade with the "Indians"

Santa Cruz 1883
The quiet community of Okeke taken prisoner by the army for Argentine territorial issues



Santa Cruz 1899
Young women Tehuelches



Saint Louis 1904
Guèchico poses at the St. Louis International Fair