Caprarola village - Farnese Palace (Viterbo - Italy)

The village of Caprarola is a tufa spur in the province of Viterbo not far from Vico lake. The visit shown here refers only to the most important and famous monument of the town, Farnese Palace.

Historical signs

It is a large building, an architectural masterpiece designed by Antonio da Sangallo the Young on commission of Cardinal Alessandro Farnese who stopped the work just begun when he was elected Pope. The unfinished fortress passed to the nephew of the same name card. Alessandro Farnese junior who decided to continue the construction transforming it into a Renaissance Villa. The work assigned by Alessandro to Jacopo Barozzi called "Il Vignola", who kept faith with the pentagonal project of his predecessor (the Sangallo) but added four floors above it like an aristocratic villa. With considerable resources, the cardinal paid no heed to the expense, he made use of architects, painters, humanists, designers, the best that could be had at that time. In addition to the wonderful Palace, he also built sumptuous Italian gardens and a park with statues, fountains, water features.

Visit to Farnese Palace of Caprarola

Once you enter the building and pass the ticket office, you enter the large courtyard of the ground floor that incorporates the pentagonal shape evident from the outside. It is possible to observe that each floor, like the ground floor, has a corrodiio that develops along the entire perimeter, where frescos and geometric drawings can already be seen. The building is divided into two parts, the summer area, located where there was no sun and the winter area where the sun was beating. The Raised Plan, called the "Prelates floor" and also intended for the guards, has some wonderful frescoed rooms such as the Swan Room and the Giove Room as well as the two apartments, one for the summer and one for the winter.

The marvel of the Palace is represented by the internal Scala Regia that leads to the Noble Floor, a superb helical staircase that rotates on thirty columns of peperino through which it is said that the Cardinal could reach his bedroom even on horseback. The vision of this staircase represents a very intense moment of the visit, its geometries, the columns, the frescoes and the high dome create almost subjection as well as the comprehensible wonder. Once you reach the Noble Floor you start the view to the most spectacular rooms. I mention only a few like the room of the Aurora (the cardinal's bedroom), the Council room that takes its name from the fresco of the Council of Trent, the great Room of Fasti Farnesiani, with the frescoes that narrate the life of the Farnese, the hall of the Fasti d'Ercole, which also takes its name from the frescoes present. These rooms are so full of frescoes that they turn their heads upside down with their noses up. I think the most engaging of the building is the "Geographical Room" or "Globe Room", which takes its name from the frescoes that describe the perception of the land known at that time.

The fourth and fifth floors of the building were reserved for staffmen and knights.

The Palace has a large park which can be accessed from the Mezzanine (Prelati Floor). Here too we find the winter garden and the summer garden. The winter one is small in size with low hedges and paths leading to an artificial cave dug into the tufa with a pool to collect water games and statues.
In the summer it is very different, initially you follow a path of the "low gardens" which develops between large manicured lawns, large areas with old trees, stairways with fountains and water games and statues until you reach the Lily Fountain from which a staircase divided by the Chain of the Dolphins (water games), at the end of which there is a large fountain at the base of the Casina di Caccia (also called Casina del Piacere) that opens on the "tall gardens" of the Palace. Behind the Casina di Caccia, other gardens, small fountains with water features and statues lined up like an exhibition.

Farnese Palace considerations

The Palazzo Farnese is a well-known museum and visited by tourists from all over the world. The reason is simple, its structure, its rooms, its stairways and its frescoes amaze anyone.

Where is Caprarola

Caprarola - Farnese Palace photo gallery

All photos, albums and videos on this site are by Robert..

Complete photo album
of Farnese Palace
Complete photo slideshow
of Farnese Palace

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Tuscania
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