Curiosities and traditions of Brazil
Olinda, Cultural Heritage of Humanity
Olinda took this name when, in 1535, the Portuguese noble Duarte Coelho, representative of the harbormaster of Pernambuco, was looking for a place to build a village. When he met this hill that we had a fantastic view of the sea and a natural harbor protected by the reefs, he would have said: “Oh that beautiful place to build a village”. Truth or myth that is, what matters is that the city is really very nice. Since its foundation, the village and prospered commercially and has been enriched. However, in 1630, and was invaded by the Dutch. After you have given to the fire, had abandoned and moved to Recife, which at that time was only a mooring. Only after the expulsion of the invaders, in 1654, the village was rebuilt. Many things of those times have been preserved: part of the urban layout original, ancient baroque churches and the block of buildings. All together they form an important architectural expression and make Olinda a Cultural Heritage of Humanity.
Junina party is also called "Feast of Saint John". This is actually a celebration ancient european, that has been imported to Brazil during the colonial period. It is celebrated in Spain and Portugal, and in some other European countries as "Midsummer Party". Of course, in Brazil it is not mid-summer, but it is mid winter. This event, which takes place on June 24, celebrates the winter solstice in the southern hemisphere. Junina party is celebrated throughout Brazil, but is a great event to Maceio. The celebration includes dancing Brazilian and European, games for children and authentic brazilian BBQ. It is an occasion of fun for the whole family, for the locals and for tourists. The Festival was born originally in rural communities. The aim was to augur well for the harvest. Now the party has lost most of its original meaning, but this does not prevent people from all over Brazil to enjoy it. Unlike the homologous European festival, the Junina Feast does not last a day, but lasts up to ten days. This means that for almost two weeks, continues to eat and drink.
Contrary to what you imagine, the origin of the Brazilian carnival and totally european. The carnival celebrations date back to the beginning of colonization, being determined by a merger between the carnival of derivation portuguese with the use of italian masks. Only many years later, at the beginning of the twentieth century were introduced african elements that definitively competed for its development and originality. It was therefore thanks to Portugal that the carnival landing in Rio de Janeiro in 1641. So much in Portugal as well as in Brazil, carnival was a feast of road sometimes violently, in which be diminished abuses and atrocities. It was common in those times see the black slaves throw the one the other eggs, flour, oranges and the remains of kitchen while the white families it quieted down to throw on their heads poured buckets of dirty water. It was this carnival more or less wild to land in Brazil together with the first Portuguese Caravelle and the first theatrical people rediscover. With the passing of time the carnival you civilizzo, buying more lightness and civic sense. Originally, the carnival does not still owned rhythms or tunes that represented. Only in the first half of the nineteenth century, with the arrival of dances in mask european mold development began music. In 1834, the taste for the disguise was accentuated. The masks of French origin were made of wax very elaborate or paper, and mimicked the faces of animals, especially in grimaces.
The ritual dance of San Goncalo
Dance religious ritual dedicated to São Gonçalo, a holy portuguese was born in 1187, a priest who, in an attempt to stop the riot, the bad habits of its people, I find it an effective means to convince sinners. He learned to play the guitar, and began to dance and play between the prostitutes. After that they were all were exhausted from the dance, he preached the principles of Christian doctrine thus obtaining their attention and often the redemption.
Like all the other aspects of the culture of its own, also the kitchen of the Brazil follows the model of the melting-pot: the Portuguese influence, -Amerindian Heritage month and african were decisive in the box with the dishes, the choice of ingredients and flavorings, which do not have equal in other Latin American countries, which suffer from more of the Spanish domination and the traces left by the Inca civilization. The influence luso-indo-african however cannot be heard in the same way in all the states: to the north and the northeast the gastronomic tradition is strongly influenced by African culture and the proximity of the sea, inside there are still traces of -Amerindian Heritage month, while in the south you feel the closeness of Argentina and the gaucho culture, with rooted habit for the consumption of meat.