Cuba Castles

The island of Cuba has several castle castles that the Cuban government has identified as an additional element of tourist attraction by reclaiming the various sites, guarding them with different staff, organizing guided tours, enriching them with characteristic features and keeping them clean and welcoming. They are identified as castles but in fact they are all fortifications that have been constructed as a point of control and defense of the entrances to ports or bays in the long centuries in which Cuba has been the subject of attacks, invasions, raids by foreign powers or pirates. In my tour I have visited several and I also invite those who intend to go to Cuba to visit at least those in Havana (there are 4 fortresses).

Castillo de la Real Fuerza (Havana)

It is located in Havana Vieja, near Plaza de Armas, near the canal that accesses the port of the city. It is a fortress among the oldest in the Americas and is protected by a wide and deep moat. The well-preserved structure spreads over two floors (ground floor map and first floor map) with a small navigation museum that runs on the ground floor. The strong part of the museum is represented by a large sectional galleon so you can see its inner sections.

Ground floor map

First floor map

Castillo de San Salvador de la Punta (Havana)

We find it at the end of the promenade at Malecòn, right at the mouth of the canal leading to the port of the city.

Castillo los Tres Santos Reyes Magnos del Morro (Havana)

Located on the hillside on the north side of the canal entrance to the harbor, it has powerful walls and a large protective moat. Several fortifications from which the cannons fired at the enemy ships of invading pirates or approaching. He was able to withstand many attacks, but in the end he was captured by the British. The modern lighthouse that we find in it was built in the eighteenth century.
From this fortress you have a beautiful view over the city of Havana

Fortaleza de San Carlos de la Cabaña (Havana)

This fortress is located very close to Castillo del Morro, always on the same side of the port of entry to the port of the city. It is an eighteenth-century large colossus with long lines of defense designed to accommodate short and long range cannons. The structure, recently restored almost definitively, is so fortified that it boasts the primacy of being never conquered or violated.
In the last century, dictator Batista converted him into prison for dissidents and opponents of the regime, where torture and torture of all kinds were consumed here. After the revolution, Che Guevara wanted it as its headquarters located in a small building with rooms and some Che furniture. The complete visit of the fortress takes some time but it is worth it, the reduced presence of tourists allows you to appreciate this site better.

Castillo de Jagua (Cienfuegos)

This fort was intended to protect the bay where Cienfuegos stands. To get there you need to have a car or use a taxi as it is at the mouth of the bay at some distance from the city in a small hamlet. The fortress, built during the 1700s, has been recently restored and features a double restored and functioning double drawbridge. Inside, the fortress develops on two main floors, the basement where the houses, the warehouses and the pulverizer were located, while the upper floor was devoted to observation and defense with cannon stations. The original bell that was used to alert the population at the time of danger is still present along the outer walls.

Castillo de San Severino (Matanzas)

A few kilometers from the city center of Mattanzas stands the Castillo de San Severino in an elevated position and is ideal for controlling boats entering and leaving the port of the city. The merlot fortress, built in the 1700's, has a deep and large moat that protects it on the land side. In the last century, under the dictatorship of Batista, this fortress was also converted into a political prison. The structure is well preserved both as a wall of walls and as a complex of interior buildings.

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