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A millenary history crossed from migrations, invasions and conquests that have seen the rise and fall of kingdoms and empires extremely powerful, so it could be summarized what is India, a country boundless with over a billion people who speak thirty different languages and have been practicing six religions. Rajasthan is the region most popular and visited by foreign tourists as the more rich in historical sites and monuments of great impact and well preserved. Rajasthan is a large region which is located southwest of the capital region of Delhi and extends up to the border with Pakistan. Many are the cities of interest that deserve a careful visit but the size of the area often forces of reductive choices as happened to me that having little time (8 days) i had to limit the visit to a restricted area (with a few variant) that is called the 'golden triangle' of Rajasthan (Delhi, Jaipur, Agra). In practice, the cities visited were Delhi, Jaipur, Km from Jodphur by, Fatephur Sikri, Agra and Mathura more a small stage in Chennai during the return journey.
The first impact that a tourist has with the Indian reality and that linked to the traffic, it is an aspect that one lives in the course of the tour as well as in the larger cities and along the main roads. The traffic is understood as the amount of vehicles of any type that driving mode of the Indians is something that it is hard to imagine, it is difficult to describe, we must live it to understand it. In a context of this type and it'S inevitable move or with public transport (bus it takes a certain spirit of adaptation) or by using rental car with driver, solution more adopted by tourists, driver that, typically, accompanies you throughout the tour.


Delhi is usually the point of arrival and departure in India and also for me it was so. The city of Delhi has an ancient history and the various phases of its evolution are defined by seven historical periods that fundamental also identify specific urban areas including the last, which was developed during the British rule, which bears the name New Delhi we know today. Molteplici sono i siti o gli edifici di interesse in una città così grande e antica ma, come sempre, bisogna scegliere. There are many sites or buildings of interest in a city as large and ancient, but, as always, you should choose. One of the main monuments and represented by the strong red that owes its name to the red sandstone which was constructed (typical material used during the period of mogul domination). This is a fortified citadel with large (1000x500 meters) where we can find large courtyards, large gardens and characteristic buildings. The most important palaces and interesting are those of public hearings, the private audiences and private apartments. I palazzi più importanti e interessanti sono quelli delle udienze pubbliche, delle udienze private e gli appartamenti privati. The most important palaces and interesting are those of public hearings, the private audiences and private apartments. Another characteristic site and the Qutb Minar located in the southern area of the city. Consists of a complex adjacent to the "first Delhi" and was declared patrimony of humanity by UNESCO in 1994. The main product is more interesting is the tower of victory high 72 meters with stellar plan with multiple balconies richly finished and worked. Interesting and the Humayun's Tomb, an imposing mausoleum in red sandstone and marble also declared patrimony of humanity by UNESCO. The best time to visit and the late afternoon when the sun highlights the shades of color of this building.
Old Delhi or seventh Delhi called Shahjahanabad, the city of Shah Jahan from the name of the emperor mogul that he built in the XVII century, is the most characteristic of this city. It is a tangle of narrow streets and alleys which are interwoven as a labyrinth, with shops that sell any thing, small tradesmen and reenacts by road. A ride in rickshaw and a characteristic way to visit and live this chaotic but particular zone. In the vicinity of the Old Delhi there are also important buildings and great charm as the Jama Masjid, the largest in India and the temple of Jainism Lal Digambar Jain Mandir.


It is the rich capital of Rajasthan and famous for the jewelry manufacturing and precious stones. The most interesting part is that enclosed in the walls, the so-called "pink city". This color, present in various shades in all the historical buildings, is considered a good omen. The most distinctive feature is the "palace of the winds" that is made famous by its pink facade and white beehive of loggias projecting surmounted by semi-cupolas. From here, the women of the court could observe the daily life or the parades real without be seen. The City Palace is another important complex residence of the maharaja (partly occupied). Here there is also a collection of palaces, courtyards and areas dedicated to the public hearings, to private audiences and the royal apartments. Many interiors today were intended to museums where they are exposed tissues, clothes, objects, weapons, furniture, etc. , that you have succeeded in this complex. Near the City Palace is located an astronomical observatory built in the early 1700 by maharaja Jai Singh expert astronomer. This spectacular observatory in the open air is the largest among those made in the same years in different cities of India and is well worth a visit. Inside, you will find giant tools for determining the coordinates of the planets and developping stars, distance between the stars and the exact time.
The most significant building in the area of Jaipur and the Amber Fort which is located ten kilometers from the city nestled between the mountains in a strategic position with impressive defensive walls. The ascent to the fort, you can do this several ways, even by foot, but it is also made to the back of the elephant is an experience to try. The fort interior and further divided by fortified areas concentric with courtyards and palaces dedicated to private audiences and public as well as the apartments of the emperor, the consort and the concubines, all in a panoramic position enviable. Here the luxury and pomp are extremes, and to the materials used (argenti, marbles, precious woods, ivory) for both the operations (fine fretwork of marble, thousands of decorations d silver in hall of mirrors).


It's a city that has an important artistic heritage even if is known almost exclusively for its famous monument, the Taj Mahal. This mausoleum is located on the shore of the Yamuna River and is the most visited monument in India and it became a symbol that often represents this nation in the world. Its fame is not unmerited, admire with their own eyes this architectural masterpiece is a unique experience. After the entrance is through a courtyard which leads to a building in red sandstone which acts as a forced passage with the purpose of amaze visitors at the moment in which it crosses the wide gate, which overlooks the gardens and the mausoleum of the Taj Mahal. Its white color, given the marble with which it is made, contrasts with the intense green of the surrounding garden and the blue of the water channels by generating an intense emotion. Gradually Getting Closer to the building will be appreciated more and more its considerable size. Climbing onto the platform you start to notice the beauty of the workings of the marble on the various niches with the Koranic inscriptions in black marble present on all four sides and the corners of the mausoleum, as well as carvings in hard stone with floral motifs that decorate the inside of the niches. By observing well the complex it avails itself of the careful construction of the whole designed on the basis of a geometric diagram precise, from the base square whose width corresponds to the height of the main dome, from the splitting of niches on the facades, from the balanced position and proportion of 4 minarets, the arrangement of the water tanks, the everything is designed to give an extraordinary unity and harmony of the whole. The interior of the mausoleum is characterized by the clearance of symmetries of the outside. The central hall of octagonal form, contains the cenotaphs of Shah Jahan and of his beloved wife, and that of Mumtaz Mahal that is placed in a central position covered of calligraphy that lists the 99 names of God mentioned in the Koran.
The best times to visit this site are the sunrise and sunset. In addition to being two moments in which the tourist influx is contained, in these two moments the sun gives features shades of color to the marble making everything very suggestive.
Agra also has a strong Red and also heritage of humanity. Located not far from the Taj Mahal always along the Yamuna River, presents itself as an imposing citadel in the form of a semicircle. The double belt of high walls up to 20 meters and extends for about 2.5 Km. Areas of interest are located in the south-east of the fort and consist of several buildings in red sandstone finely worked and decorated and in palaces in white marble with impact as the private apartments or the room is devoted to private audiences.


Fascinating city with its characteristic houses blue dominated by a mighty strong perched on a large rock outcrop. The vast area of the old town is entirely surrounded by walls that extend for about 10Km. The old center of Jodhpur and a huge bazaar that narrow alleys and narrow streets with an infinite number of shops and street vendors where it is easy to get lost looking at fabrics, embroideries, spices, handicrafts and much more. The most important element of the city and the Mehrangarh Fort Fort, a fortress in all directions for both the dominant position on a rock relief that for the mighty and high external walls high up to 40m. Access is by a narrow and winding road that passes through seven large portals. To develop inside palaces and courtyards of small size compared to other strong but of considerable beauty with richly decorated façades and finished, here the art of the jali reaches its climax; the lace in stone appear into the building in a great variety of reasons, geometric and floral. At any point in the strong you are, the surrounding landscape and noticeable especially on the side of the blue city that from here is much appreciated good. Within the palaces we find sumptuous salons with decorated ceilings in glass and gold or salt as the one of the mirrors with thousands of designs in relief covered in silver. There are many rooms which today house museums of various objects that belonged to the occupants of the fort in time. It is surprising the museum of the crowbars by elephant as the museum of the cradles real. In the vicinity of the fort on a rocky hill is a mausoleum of Jaswant Thada near a water basin. The building, made of white marble worked, develops in the context of a small garden located in an area surrounding rather barren, but the site still deserves a stop during the fort ascent.

The other cities visited in my tour are Fatehpur Sikri in particular the interesting "ghost town" (so named because it was abandoned for many years after the death of its founder the Emperor Akbar) and the temple of the santone Baba Jai Gurudev near Mathura.

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