Kos between curiosities, history and traditions

Hippocrates

Speaking of Kos you can not avoid talking about the father of medicine Hippocrates. Hippocrates was the largest of Aslepiadi (doctors) Greeks, the first that systematically classified medicine. Person modest and selfless, tireless and always thoughtful, he healed many people and passed on his knowledge to many scientists. He refused to serve only twice countries enemies of the Greek cities, with the Illyrians and the Persians. Before Hippocrates, Kos as throughout Greece, the sick invoked the god of medicine, Asclepius and offered sacrifices, while the doctors who treated the sick were called milkweed. Famous physicians of Kos before Hippocrates, were Nervos, Apollonide and Gnosidikos, great-grandfather of Hippocrates, his grandfather Hippocrates the Elder and his father Heraclides who was also his teacher.


Mores

One of the oldest and best-known traditions of the island is held on September 5. Housewives, before sunrise, take in the sea two strings, an old and a new, pomegranate, grapes, garlic and olive branch. Throw overboard the old string and put the new one in the sea so that the waves clap their forty times. So, taking the new string and a metal jug with sea water and pebbles, moving from plane tree of Hippocrates and envelope the trunk to take strength and prosperity. Go home, hang the string in front of the sacred icons and throw the water of the sea with stones in the corners of the house against slander.


Origins of Kos's name

Some scholars maintain that the name comes from the name of Kos a princess daughter of King Triope II or Merope II called Koos. Others claim that the island was named by the word "Kos" which means prison or marine crab (many coins of the place wore his depiction) or the word "Koas" meaning sheepskin. Despite what are known as the island other names antichisimi Meropis, Meropi (named after the mythical king Merope), Karis and Nymfea. For a period of time the island was called Lango by the Knights of St. John. In 1389 there is also the name Neranzia due to the abundance of citrus on the island, later becoming Stankioi during the Turkish rule.


Italian domain

After centuries of turkish, in May of 1912 Italians they arrived with the fleet in Kos and took over the island claiming to act as liberators. The inhabitants of Kos Italians greeted enthusiastically believing that they would remain in the island for a short time. In fact, despite the declaration of Italy that his presence in the islands would be temporary and that he would respect the rights of religion, education and the management of people, quickly became established after the occupation of the island that all ' beginning was bearable but it became impossible with the advent of fascism began when a real oppression, with expropriation of large fertile areas, prohibition of the ordination of Orthodox priests, closed the Greek schools, etc .. The Italian domination ended in 1943 when the Germans took possession of the island making atrocities of any kind until May 1945.evitare speaking of Hippocrates the father of medicine.