Lanzarote curiosities and popular traditions
The september 1, 1730 beginning on Lanzarote one of volcanic eruptions more violent that human history memories. The phenomenon lasted 2056 days and ended the April 16, 1736. The volume of lava is estimated at 3-5 km cubes, so as to cover cover a total area of 200 sq. km equivalent to one-third of island as a whole. During eruption more than 30 volcanic cones were formed in at least 5 phases eruptive, aligned along a fracture volcano-tectonic along more than 14 km. Eruption destroyed much fertile land and well 26 villages were razed to the ground causing a great famine that forced the majority of the population to leave island.
Lanzarote owes its name to Lanzerotto Malocello, the genoese navigator, originating in Varazze (SV), which is the first to the discover in 1312 and that the he occupied for some time.
The huge eruptions in 1730, covering a third of island with thick layers of gravel black fine locally called picón, were at first seen as an absolute disaster for island, very fertile land was buried and many islanders suffered hunger, while many others left island.
However, it was soon discovered that the picón absorbs the condensate and the rain like a sponge, releasing moisture slowly and helping to keep fresh the roots of plants. Immediately they found a quality of vine able to thrive in these conditions/climate.
With more than 2,500 hours of strong sunlight year, and a soil rich in minerals accumulated on layers of soil below the picón, impart the grapes produced a excellent quality and taste. This ability to transform a potential natural disaster in a triumph is typical of the determination of the islanders of Lanzarote and today, the Malvasia wines produced here that regularly win international awards, are among the best in the world. The wines have a distinctive taste slightly fruity, very crunchy and dry on the tongue and are a perfect complement to the many fish dishes of the traditional cuisine of Lanzarote..
The production of wine maggiore is located at the Geria above Puerto del Carmen in the municipalities of Tias and San Bartolome. Here whole panorama of more than 3,000 hectares is covered with vineyards, with each screw protected against the strong trade winds by walls of half-moon shape composed of stones of volcanic rock.
The feast of Our Lady of the Volcanoes
This wind brings with it hot air african, dust and sand, which produces a constant mist and the sudden increase in temperatures that reach 40°C. The yellowish powder, very fine and even manages to pass through windows and doors closed, while, on the outside, the visibility is reduced almost to zero and the air is heavy making atmosphere quite uninhabitable. Fortunately, the phenomenon is not common and generally limited to the winter months. The effects of the Calima normally stops in the heart of Atlantic Ocean even if on some occasions, when the phenomenon is remarkably intense, are unable to arrive in the Caribbean.