Los Roques curiosities

Archipelago's history

Archaeological studies made on at least twenty islands allow you to specify that, before the conquest of the American continent, not settlements were fixed between those 42 islets, which surround a lagoon of almost 40 square kilometers. There are only ruins of villages of indigenous people, as they still do today, are from the continent to obtain supplies of fish and turtles.The first remains of the years around 1300, have been recognized for those people coming from Aruba and gentleâ, but have come to light even objects of the 1000, belonging to the tribe of Caracas that passed here many months for fishing ritual of botuto was considered an aphrodisiac. What is certain is that archipelago Los Roques appears clearly drawn on a spanish map of 1529. Since that year, the group of islands was appointed with all the variations: "roca", "the arioca", "Roque", up to become today Los Roques. Sold out the deposits of Margarita, Cohe and Cubagua, the seekers of minerals is relocated on Los Roques, but with little success. In the end, with the exception of the salt pans, the Spaniards found no other reasons to maintain locations in archipelago, over all much frequented by pirates. They were then the inhabitants of the Netherlands Antilles that at the beginning of the nineteenth century, were dedicated to the exploitation of the lime, this is from corals, the guano and tannin for tanning the hides, extracted from the bark of the red mangrove. In 1910 the Dutch were ousted to be replaced by the fishermen to the continuous search for lobsters and botuti, soon marketed throughout Venezuela, allowing archipelago to be inserted in the economic life of the country.


Marine Park

The National Park Los Roques archipelago, was created in 1972, to limit the flourishing fishing activity, that the richness of the waters of the place had propitiated, since the second half of this century. So now to fish remained only the natives, while they are also limited to tourism areas in the mangrove, the rocky shallows and endless prairies of marine phanerogams which, unlike the algae, are plants with flowers, that reproduce through the fruits. These are then used as areas of refuge, feeding, reproduction and breeding both of marine species and birds. These are present in 92 species, of which 50 migratory, who crowd many of the islands, where the remaining fauna is represented by iguanas, lizards and salamanders and with single mammal which is the singular bat (of course) fisherman. In fact, that archipelago is a set of shallow rocky standing in formation process from which emerge only the hills of Gran Roque, only truly inhabited island, if one disregards a couple of islands where there are small fishing communities. The climate is spectacular with an average of 29 degrees, and peaks of 34 in July and 24 in january. The day is sunny and warm, while the night and fresh. The trade winds that blow permanently from the north-east, reveal almost total absence of rains, except for the period between September and January. Ideal therefore for a sailing holiday, with intentions underwater.The aquarium that is has, once again immersed, and among the richest of the Caribbean region. Moreover, here in Los Roques, everything has remained as it was at the time of filibusta, when many pirates the chose as temporary shelter, leaving the area many ship wrecks ......