Marsa Alam, egyptian curiosities

Lotus flower

Mythical plant that gave oblivion to those who eat them the Egyptian lotus or white lotus of Egypt (Nymphaea lotus) was a sacred water plant with large white flowers or pink within the genus Nelumbo and Nymphaea, common in warm and temperate regions. In the representations we are shown the act of smelling the flower, whose perfume is one of his spiritual essence, like "odor of sanctity" of Christian doctrine. The lotus is a recurring element in the Egyptian symbology. The four sons of Heru (Horus) are represented as coming out of a lotus flower. Even Nefertum, son of Ptah, the Creative Fire, is born from this flower. This flower we often find in architecture, tomb paintings, or as a decorative motif on small objects. In the scenes in which they are represented in the tombs banquets we see that lotus buds were offered to the guests, who attacked them to the headband that guarniva their forehead.

Egypt name

The first to use the name Aigyptos was the Greek poet Homer. This word was the Greek version of "Hikuptah", a term that in Babylonian indicated the temple of Ptah at Memphis, known as "Castle of the Ka of Ptah". The ancient Egyptians, on the other hand, they called their country Kenet or Kemi i.e. "black earth", referring to fruitful land covered by black silt left by the flooding of the Nile. The desert was instead call Dashret, "the red earth".
The country was divided into upper and Lower Egypt, the first represented by the symbol of the rush and the second with the ape (or respectively, with the lotus and the papyrus). High Egypt included the Valley of the Nile from Aswan to Heliopolis ( at today Cairo ). Lower Egypt, on the other hand occupied the whole area of the Delta of the Nile.

The mummification of the bodies

In ancient Egypt, the mummification process of the corpse must be to religious beliefs that connotations, in every individual, three vital aspects. Ankh, the vital principle, the Ba, spiritual soul and the Ka, the life as such. To these is added the name, without which individual (or even what) could not exist. The deceased, once passed examination of the weighing of the heart, which had to be lightweight as the feather of Maat, and stated that he had never done well thirty different "sins", had to cross the Duat. At the end of the path to the Kingdom of the dead, his Ka would be then returned through the "false door" and restoring life to the physical body, which was thus preserved, provided with amulets and provided with food and drink for his long journey. Essential was also the presence of his name. The delete it, as was done for Hatshepsut and Akenaton, was not only eliminate the memory, but to deny its owner the right to exist again.