Mexico - curiosity and traditions

Yucatan name

Yucatán name, was assigned to the peninsula during the first explorations of the European conquerors. There are different versions that are found on the fact that this name would be the result of a linguistic confusion between the inhabitants Maya and of the first Spanish explorers around 1517.
• A version maintains that a Spanish explorer in discussion an indigenous Maya wanted to know the name of the region. The Indian probably answered Ma'anaatik ka t'ann which means in the Mayan language I do not understand your speech or do not understand.
• Another version also says that the Spaniards gave the name Yucatan region because the maya responded to their questions with the phrase uh yu ka t'ann, that in Maya means feel as they speak, and the Spaniards understood Yucatán.
• Other versions indicate that the Yucatan Maya comes from t'ann u Ci, which means that I do not understand

Hanal Pixan

This tradition, deeply rooted in the Mexicans even today, refers to a mystical encounter between the living and the dead. From 31 October to 2 November the tradition of the Hanal Pixan wants the spirits "obtained permission" to visit relatives still alive.
The first day is dedicated to children dead and is called Palal Hanal. The second day, on 1 November, is dedicated to the dead adults and called NUCUCH UINICOOB Hanal, and the third day is called PIXANOOB Hanal or in some places Pixan Mass, because in that day is dedicated a mass to the deceased which is celebrated normally cemeteries. It is customary, especially in inland areas of Mexico that children bring in those days a tape red or black to right wrist, in such a way that the spirits not li take with them.
The tradition consists of various rites, but the main one is to set up a table that serves as the altar, lit with wax candles, under the trees in the courtyard and near the graves of relatives, where the typical food of the season as jicama, mandarins , oranges, XEC (blend of orange, mandarin orange, jicama and other fruits and chili powder), papaya, coconut, Balche (intoxicating drink made from the bark of a tree called so), sweet bread and bowls of tasty Chucua ( sweet with corn, cocoa, pepper and aniseed) all decorated with candles, flowers, branches of rue and photographs of the deceased.
In the day of the dead children,'altar is decorated with an Embroidered tablecloth in vibrant colors and in addition to foodstuffs there are sweets and toys. These food spend all night 1-2 November, in those small altars under trees.
The day after, when the souls of the dead "took grace", relatives are found for the pic-nic eating and drinking everything that the soul of the deceased has left …….


Costumes

Mexico is a country full of folklore, dances and costumes. Among the main costumes of Mexico we find the dress called Veracruz. This female costume is characterized by a skirt richly decorated in bright colors with lace and embroidery. The Jacket has the same color planes of the skirt, apron, if worn, is normally in velvet and decorated with themes of flowers and finally the shawl of silk is usually yellow or white. All this is accompanied by accessories like bracelets and chains gold, combs in the hair, and also the natural rose placed between each comb. An important detail is that singol women participating to a marriage carry the rose only on the right. The man uses a dress composed of white shorts and white shirt guayabera style, the shoes have the same color and the straw hat complete the whole. The final touch is given by the handkerchief of red color that is collected on a gold ring.