Curiosities, traditions and legends of Samos

Hera divinity born in Samos

According to the tradition, the goddess Hera was born and grew up here in Samos. Was the wife, as well as the sister of Zeus. She was told that it was even more beautiful than the goddess of'Love Aphrodite. She seemed to spend most of its time trying to avoid that Zeus had relations with the mortal and other virgins. He was deeply convinced in defending the marriage and monogamy, even if she married a God who certainly very led to polygamy. The tradition wants that to Samos Hera and Zeus had a honeymoon long three hundred years.......
For this reason his temple of Heraion is the largest throughout the ancient world according to Herodotus. The archaeological site is the most important of'island and includes'huge Temple dedicated to Hera (along 109mt wide, 55mt and high 25mt) in perfect style Ionic temple that counted 155 gigantic columns. Today the temple is known as Kolona = "column", due to'single column still standing symbol of this place of worship which includes the remains of at least three previous temples. Still well visible the great altar and the sacred road (the road that leads from the city of Pythagorio, at the Temple). Both Pythagorio that Heraion are cities that are part of the world heritage of'UNESCO since 1992.

Past pictures of Samos

The long tunnel of Samos

Pythagorio, city built on the ruins of'ancient city of Samos, is the homeland of what many call the'eighth wonder of'antiquity. In 550 BC, AT'Eupalinos architect was entrusted with the task of building a tunnel of 1.036 meters for order of Policrate tyrant. The aim was to bring plenty of water to the capital city of Samos trying to overcome a natural obstacle (a hill). This innovative aqueduct was to be invisible to enemies, not to be destroyed in the event of attack on'island. Eupalinos was a great engineer which, using only of mathematical calculations, began to dig the tunnel in a bidirectional manner and then on both sides of the mountain at the same time. A decade later, the two groups of diggers met halfway in the heart of the mountain without any deviation of any kind! To give an incentive to the slaves that tunneled, Eupalinos made a promise : if everything went well the slaves would have obtained the freedom at the end of the job. This is truly the work of a real genius of engineering.


Pythagoras native of Samos

The character more famous and known of Samos is Pythagoras who distinguished himself in both philosophy and mathematics and music. Restless genius, sought in science, in the arts and in travel, knowledge and experiences that would have allowed to place with safety, in the spaces of his intellect and his time. The information of its origins and his whole life are not clear and this has led to an inevitable creation of myths and legends. Born around 580 B.C., Pythagoras departed couple from his native island, to go to Egypt to Pharaoh Amasi and remained there for 22 years. When the Persian King Kamvisis submitted Egypt was captured and deported to Babylon along with several writers where he remained a prisoner for 12 years. Here he was able to continue his studies and his research. Thanks to the aid of the medical staff of the Persian King, he managed to escape and falls within its Samos. Impatient at the tyrant Policrate departed wandering for Greece up to settle in Cortona where he founded the school of philosophy that quickly gained a great reputation. They remained there until his death at about 80 years.


Ancient shipyards of Samos

In the greek antiquity, Samos became famous all over the Aegean to its shipyards where occurred decisive improvements in the construction of Greek ships. Distinctive and famous was a new type of ship called "Samaina" that was born in'was the tyrant Policrate 538-532 (aC) leaning in an effort to make Samos a maritime power. This boat was combined in so guessed the spaciousness of the hold for the arrangement of the load with the assurance of the principles of the quick navigation. Moreover Samos was the second greek city (after Corinth) that he used in his fleet the triremi.


Samos folk dance

The popular dance samiota (sirtos) is ballad usually by girls who form a circle. At the beginning and at the end of the rim are positioned two dancers. The one at the beginning is called "dancer head" and the other "dancer of the horseshoe". For variation, groups of dancers of folk dances alternate also dancers. Often Moreover, women and men of Samos dance folk dances without the accompaniment of musical instruments, singing different distici (stanzas of two verses) for most improvised.


Wine culture in Samos

If you want to satisfy the palate, the best opportunity is to enjoy all the varieties of wine Moscato in occasion of the wine festival organized during the first ten days of the month of August to Vathy. Just buy a glass and it is possible to fill all the times that one wants or able to manage.
The Vatican has maintained its own cellar on'island and today, the Catholic Church has granted the privilege of producing wine for Holy Communion to use nelll'island. Samos Muscat occupies a special place in the market of French wine, one of the most demanding in the world, and has won numerous international awards, while its rich, fruity aroma continues to win an increasing number of fans. Nobody should leave Samos, without a bottle of wine and a bottle of extra virgin olive oil d'olive.